Multiple sclerosis (MS), also known as disseminated sclerosis or encephalomyelitis disseminata, is a demyelinating disease in which the insulating covers of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord are damaged. This damage disrupts the ability of parts of the nervous system to communicate, resulting in a wide range of signs and symptoms, including physical, mental, and sometimes psychiatric problems. MS takes several forms, with new symptoms either occurring in isolated attacks (relapsing forms) or building up over time (progressive forms). Between attacks, symptoms may disappear completely; however, permanent neurological problems often occur, especially as the disease advances.
While the cause is not clear, the underlying mechanism is thought to be either destruction by the immune system or failure of the myelin-producing cells. Proposed causes for this include genetics and environmental factors such as infections. MS is usually diagnosed based on the presenting signs and symptoms and the results of supporting medical tests.
Effect of Tai Chi Chuan on balance in women with multiple sclerosis
Elaheh Azimzadeha, Mohammad Ali Hosseinia,Kian Nourozia, Patricia Mary Davidson
- Tai Chi exercise is helpful to MS patients' movement balance.
- Tai Chi exercise reduces the risk of fall.
- Nurses can use Tai Chi as a preventive technique.
Mindfulness-based interventions in multiple sclerosis
Beneficial effects of Tai Chi on balance, coordination, fatigue and depression
Janina M Burschka, Philipp M Keune, Ulrich Hofstadt-van Oy, Patrick Oschmann and Peter Kuhn
Patients suffering from Multiple Sclerosis (MS) experience a wide array of symptoms, including balance problems, mobility impairment, fatigue and depression. Physical exercise has recently been acknowledged as a treatment option complementary to medication. However, information regarding putative effects of structured exercise programs on neurological symptoms is sparse.